Ghana

The Gold Coast (now Ghana) achieved independence from the United Kingdom's colonial rule on 6 March 1957 becoming the first African nation to do so. Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea, only a few degrees north of the Equator, therefore giving it a warm climate. It lies between latitudes 4° and 12°N, and longitudes 4°W and 2°E. The Prime Meridian passes through the country, specifically through the industrial city of Tema. It has Togo to the east, Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south. The official currency is the Cedi and Accra is Ghana’s capital.

Ghana (which is interpreted to mean “Warrior King”) was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms, including the inland Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Akyem, the Bonoman, the Denkyira and the Fante among others. Non-Akan states created by the Ga also existed as did states by the Dagomba.

Notable Places to Visit

Cape Coast Castle

Its gloomy slave dungeons, connected by a dank subterranean tunnel to the “Door of No return” pay somber testament to its 18th century role as Africa’s most important slave trading post. Dating to 1482, the imposing St. George’s castle in Elmina is the oldest European building in sub-Saharan Africa.

Assin Manso

This is where captives from the north took their “last bath” at the Nkonkonsuo River before being sold to coastal traders and more recently, where the remains of two slave descendants from the USA and Jamaica were buried in a symbolic ceremony held on Emancipation Day 1998.

Sirigu & Paga

These brightly painted homesteads with labyrinthine fortress-like adobe construction whose unusual low doorways are partially blocked by an internal lip were originally designed to prevent slave raiders from making a surprise entry.

Pikworo

Lying on the border with Burkina Faso, the name Pikworo translates into “Rock of Fear,” alluding to its role as a 19th century slave camp, relics of which include eating bowls carved into the rocks, the drum rocks, punishment tree and cemetery for dead captives.

Busua Beach 

Located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean in the Western region of Ghana, this beach resort is about halfway between Abidjan, the capital of Cote d’Ivoire and Accra, the capital of Ghana. Busua beach is both a natural and made-made attraction that sits in the very heart of Ghana’s attractions.

Manet Paradise

This pleasurable tourist site is a few miles from Accra and it has many distinct features which compel first-time visitors to make a second visit. It’s a serene and natural environment, a cool water paradise located at the estuary of the river Volta. The resort has nice rooms for boarding and tasty continental dishes.

Kokrobite Beach

30 kilometres west of Accra, this sprawling beach has a dramatic backdrop of hills. Because of its almost secluded nature, the beach has fast become a favourite for tourists.

 

Kakum National Park & Assin Attadanso Resource Reserve

These two make up a twin national. There are emergent trees reaching as high as 65 metres and a varied wildlife with some 40 species of larger mammals including elephants, bongo, red river hog, seven primates and four squirrels. About 200 species of Birdlife are known to occur in the reserve and they include, five hornbill species, frazer eagle owl, African grey and Senegal parrots. Popular among tourists is the 40m high canopy walkway suspended between trees and from which different species of birds and butterflies can be observed. The canopy walkway also helps visitors appreciate better, the structure of the forest canopy.

Mole National

This park has over 90 mammal species notably elephants, buffalo, roan, kob, hartebeest, waterbuck and four primate species along with the lion, leopard, hyena and over 399 bird species. The vegetation is pristine Guinea savannah with gallery forests along the rivers and streams. 

Wli Falls

The perennial nature of this waterfall is making it more popular among tourists as its water gushes down throughout the year. It lies 20kilometres from Hohoe in the Wli natural reserve.

Tagbo Falls

This serene waterfall cascades off Mount Afadjato, the highest mountain in Ghana (2, 950 ft above sea level). It is found within a peaceful village, Liate Wote which lies at the foot of the range of mountains that make up the Ghana-Togo border.

 

Volta River

A delightful attraction, the mighty River Volta empties into the Atlantic along Ghana’s east coast and has a catchment area that sprawls across the borders of six West African countries. It also feeds the world’s largest artificial water body by surface area, Lake Volta (850, 000ha) in Akosombo, southern Ghana.

Notable Events

 

  • Adae & Akwasidae Festivals of the Ashanti
  • Aboakyir (Deer Hunt) Festival, Winneba
  • Bakatue Festival, Elmina
  • Environmental Film Festival
  • Dodoleglime, Volta Region

 

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